The 36 Communes
City of Vingrau
The Commune of Vingrau is located in the southern foothills of the Corbières. The village faces south-southwest and benefits from ideal sunshine. Moreover, the clay-limestone soil is very appreciated for its red wines for ageing and the Muscat produced on this land is of great finesse and has remarkable aromas.
The origin of the name of Vingrau can be found in the Latin expression "viginti gradi", the twenty grades (translate the twenty steps). Indeed, the path leading to the village passes through what is still called "le pas de l'échelle", which in Roman times consisted of a paved road on which these steps were built. Gradually, the name changed to "Pas de Vingrad", "Pas de vingt graus" and then "Vingrau".
Number of inhabitants
The town of Vingrau has approximately 617 inhabitants. Its inhabitants are called Vingraunais.
The site of Vingrau has been occupied since the prehistoric age. Near the Rec del Penjat, archaeologists have unearthed snout scrapers, chisels and back knives, as well as various other characteristic instruments dated to 40,000 years ago. A little later, the Conques cave provided proof that it was inhabited by men during the Magdalenian era, and then between 20,000 and 15,000 BC, stone arrowheads were found at Vingrau, at a place called Les Espassoles. Around 12,000 BC (in the middle of the Magdalenian period), the number of remains increased. Throughout the Verdouble valley, remains of occupation were found, and this phenomenon was to increase until the arrival of the Ligurians and Iberians.